American Sewing Pattern Patent Model
American Sewing Pattern Patent Model
Until 1790, the United States Patent Law was based on British law, but after the 1776 Independence War, new patent laws were introduced.
The argument behind this was simple and preventing the mistake.
One of the most famous inventions that were registered at that time is a household sewing machine, which was recorded in 1843 by Elias Howe
Prior to 1790, inventions were usually registered in a local law office where officials did not have engineering background or, if there were such a background, was very small and insignificant.
. The staff of these offices did not have the ability to read engineering drawings, so one should not expect them to understand a well-engineered model.
Some US states did not need a model before 1790, but by that year had not become a widespread law in the United States.
Invented by Stefan Grover and Baker in 1851, this model was supported, which had very little resemblance to the current state-of-the-art devices.
For the three years the new system worked well. Patents were well reviewed, but the problem was that the process was a bit long and time-consuming, as non-expert individuals sought to investigate the designs. In 1793, changes were made to this system.
Since then, patents that were submitted to the Center and the Registry were approved without being reviewed.
This decision made the models very important. Now judges and referees had to compare different claims.
However, this method also brought its own complexity. Without expert review of an invention (sewing machine), the court considered weak standards for some of them.
In fact, some of these inventions were mistaken or very badly written, and an expert would have to rewrite all cases as references.
In 1833, this form of acceptance caused many problems. Many ideas and inventions were registered and accepted by the general public, which had no commercial or economic value at all.
Even the system of decision making about the validity of an invention by the court became a funny joke. Finally, in 1836, the legislature assumed this and changed the law. Therefore, anyone who has patented an invention should send it to an expert team, and only those people who should confirm it.
The team had engineering and industry knowledge and could work with engineering drawings and everything related to it.
Of course, this model also had critics. The system survived until the 1870s, when needs were met. Some of the inventions were devices that came directly from the product line. This Wilcox and Gibbs device was used by James Gibbs in 1858 to show improvements.
Until 1903, when the Wright brothers landed, models needed for flight machines, and even today if a patent is to be filed, a model must be presented.
At the most productive part of the Industrial Revolution, many models came to US patent offices, which created a unique record of invention and success (sewing machines).
When the patent office was launched in Washington, DC on April 10, 1790, the models were registered using the inventor's name and there was no numerical system for this.
For twenty years, the same trend continued, and it was very hard to store inventions.
Eventually, the Congress agreed to provide the necessary space to store and display these inventions in order to fund the Blodgets Hotel, formerly the Washington Music Hall.
Fortunately, Smithsonian head of textile at Frederick Lewton was a man who was largely familiar with sewing machines and history.
He set aside 700 devices, but some of them remained for review. The inventors still had the chance to present their models.
The first patent for a mechanical sewing machine dates back to 1755 by Charles Weizenthal, but the official registration was done by Thomas Thompson.